Pyxidium viride (L.) … Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Cassia tora, Eleusine indica, Portulaca oleracea, Anagallis arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus, Chenopodium album, Cyperus rotundus, Eleocharis palustris, Eichhornia crassipes and Spirodela polyrhiza. In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. USDA-NRCS, 2015. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Biological control of noxious pigweeds in Europe: a literature review of the insect species associated with Amaranthus spp. 278 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. In Australia, it grows as an environmental weed in disturbed areas and rainforest and as an agricultural weed in areas from near sea level to 820 m (Lazarides et al., 1997). Protein: 30g; Fat: 4.5g; Carbohydrate: 50g; Fibre: 10g; Ash: 20g; Minerals - Calcium: 5000mg; Phosphorus: 450mg; Iron: 100mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 30mg; Potassium: 3000mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 40mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.06mg; Riboflavin (B2): 2.02mg; Niacin: 8mg; B6: 0mg; C: 503mg. A geographic atlas of world weeds. Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). 21. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Chinese: tsz-hsien. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. Seed are easy to harvest and very nutritious. spinosus is a principal weed of mangoes, sorghum, soyabeans and cowpeas in the Philippines; tobacco in Taiwan, beans in Mexico, vegetables in Malaysia, oil palms in Indonesia, papayas and sweet potatoes in Hawaii, mulberries in Japan, and cassava in Ghana. Waterhouse DF, 1993. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. In: A weed identification guide for Ethiopia. Or…. A. spinosus does not grow well in shade or cool temperatures, because spine development and flowering are suppressed under these conditions. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Impact of different herbicides on, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. Binomial name of the plant is Amaranthus spinosus.It belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae.The plant was initially native to the tropical Americas, but later introduced all around … Amaranthus spinosus (Calaloo) / Common names / ZipCodeZoo (17) IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS / Harsha Vardhana S / Pharmacophore 2011, Vol. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. > 10°C, Cold average temp. vi + 236 pp. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing inflorescence. An inside review of, Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. MacKee HS, 1994. A. spinosus spreads by seeds. spinosus is also used as forage and said to increase the yield of milk in cattle. LongevityA. Edible Parts: Leaves SeedEdible Uses: Leaves and stems - raw or cooked as a spinach[2, 61, 177]. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Kumar R P, Jindal Shammy, Gupta Nitin, Rana Rinu, 2014. http://www.prota4u.info. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. In: Flora mesoamericana, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). thorny amaranth. the processes are intricate , to think that we are still high school students . of ref. (2007) found pendimethalin on its own ineffective in pastures, but pendimethalin combined with mecocrop, mecocrop alone, or dicamba, gave good control.Biological Control Seeds are easily disturbed by wind, water, and animals. Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. 1192 pp. Seed - sow late spring in situ. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. In Bangladesh this is known as Kata shak, Kata notey, etc. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use. The poisoning was diagnosed as being caused by nitrate, and A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 110-113. Jørgensen PM; Nee MH; Beck SG, 2015. The World's Worst Weeds. kindly help to give the detailed report in this plant and also give the Sangameswaran and jeyakar 2007 paper.plz give me the reports and paper immediately.Thanking you sir. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing leaves, spines and seeds. Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Biological Control of Weeds: a World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. February 2005. Impact of different herbicides on Amaranthus spinosus in Korea. Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall Inc. Kostermans AJGH; Wirjahardja S; Dekker RJ, 1987. The plant has large thorns which make it unpalatable for grazing livestock and make weeding difficult in parts of the world where hand weeding and harvest are done by hand. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The risk of introduction of A. spinosus is potentially high. A. spinosus has the potential to outcompete native vegetation and induce the loss of biodiversity, especially decreasing floristic richness in native vegetation communities where is becoming dominant and invasive such as insular ecosystems and native grasslands. Parker C, 1992. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. Antioquia. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … Potential of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry. Environmental Requirements ex Wall.. Chenopodium caudatum Jacq.. Galliaria adscendens Bubani. Amaranthus spinosus . spinosus is a monoecious herb and produces male and female flowers on the same plant. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. xlix + 391 pp. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. unpaginated. Wang Z, Xin M, Ma D, 1990. The basic chromosome number is 10 (Sammour et al., 1993). Rosskopf EN; Charudattan R; DeValerio JT; Stall WM, 2000. (8 col.). In Cuba, it appears in herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud (US National Herbarium). The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). It is inadvisable, therefore, to eat this plant if it is grown inorganically. June 2008. Amaranthus Spinosus to the Blood Hemoglobin count of Mice , but , You can cook the leaves and stems or eaten raw to get its very nutritious benefits. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. FAMILY: Amaranthaceae. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. Grichar WJ, 1994. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, obovate-lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, equal or subequal, 1.2-2 mm, apex mucronate; styles erect or spreading; stigmas 3. Volume 2. A drop in temperature overnight aids germination. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. ; Tjitrosoepomo, G.] Jakarta, Indonesia; Balai Pustaka, 24-565, Kumar RP; Jindal Shammy; Gupta Nitin; Rana Rinu, 2014. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at email@example.com. In groundnuts, it is a principal weed in Ghana, Hawaii, the Philippines and the USA. Weeds of rice in Indonesia [edited by Soerjani, M.; Kostermans, A.J.G.H. Maximum growth occurs in soils high in organic matter, and those with sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia.) The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. NOMENCLATURE: Amaranthus is from the Greek “amarantos” which means “unfading,” a reference to the persisting color of certain amaranth flowers. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). The world's worst weeds. Flora of Australia. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. In those regions, it is also a serious environmental weed in disturbed sites, secondary forests, along forest edges, and around water troughs (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; Motooka et al., 2003; PIER, 2015; PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay))., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Weeds of Bhutan. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Amaranthus spinosus L. In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. A weed identification guide for Ethiopia. Requires a hot sheltered position if it is to do well[K]. v + 141 pp. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. London, UK: Crown Agents. ttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amaranthus.spinosus1web.jpg. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Amaranthus fasciatus Roxb.. Amaranthus gracilis Desf.. Amaranthus littoralis Bernh. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). the name Amara means “bitter.” Take your pick. Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Flora of North America North of Mexico. April 2012. Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. Name of the plant is Thorny amaranth, means it has thorns. ... giving reasonable detail on the more common leaf crops and brief information on a … Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127 1-1744. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. USA. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., https://nadeaud.ilm.pf/. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. http://www.prota4u.info. The root is known as an effective diuretic. Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. All plant pages have their own unique code. 3348 pp. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Common name. Amaranthus spinosus is an edible weed in the Philippines and you can find it in the market specially in the southern Philippines. Seed - cooked. In Thailand, augmentative releases of Hypolixus truncatulus have resulted in successful control. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Wang Z; Xin M; Ma D, 1990. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Biocontrol News and Information, 18(1):11N-20N; 2 pp. worldwide. The PLANTS Database. The ideas i got from your website helped me lot in determining which areas have not been explored yet. For more information about QR Codes click here. Kingsbury JM, 1964. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. Like other amaranths, it produces large numbers of seeds, which can mature after the plant has been cut, and remain viable for long periods. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Leaves Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Lazarides M, Cowley K, Hohnen P, 1997. Orchard AE, 1993. Leaves: petiole ± equaling or longer than blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, plane or slightly undulate, apex acute or subobtuse. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. by Marambe, B\Sangakkara, U. R.\Costa, W. A. J. M. de\Abeysekara, A. S. K.]. Home > Name Search > Amaranthus spinosus L. Choose Project. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Flora of China. ACIAR Monograph No. PROTA4U web database. Waterlogging retards its growth. We will not sell or share your email address. The chromosome number reported for A. spinosus is 2n = 34, 68 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). This beetle may replace the use of herbicides to control occasional infestations (Julien, 1992). Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Field evaluation of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). London, UK: Crown Agents. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. New York, USA; Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., 355 pp. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, Pangnakorn and Poonpaiboonpipattana, 2013, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Kumar RP; Jindal Shammy; Gupta Nitin; Rana Rinu, 2014. Online Database. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. process we are going to conduct . Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University. November 2006. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Common Name: Spiny Amaranth. 1. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) It is also used, often combind with the root juice of Dichrophela integra and Rubus ellipticus, to treat stomach disorders and, on its own, to treat indigestion and vomiting that occur after eating unusual foods. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Flora of West Tropical Africa, Volume 1, Part 1. Parker C, 1992. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Orchard AE, 1993. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). Other names of the plant are Prickly amaranth, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, etc. Thanks a lot. Ecuador. The poison plants of New South Wales. Crop Protection, 25(1):39-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, usa. Vol. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus. French: amarante épineuse; blette épineuse; brèche de Malabar; epinard malabre. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Flora of Panama. It is probably a native of tropical America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Most if not all members of this genus photosynthesize by a more efficient method than most plants. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. May 2008. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. The leaves and stems of Amaranthus spinosus are eaten raw or cooked as a spinach. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. it is a noted weed in Angola, Brazil, El Salvador, Ghana, Hawaii, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan , Thailand, and USA. ; Belgrano MJ, 2008 serious weed in Ghana, Hawaii, USA: of... Help other users please add amaranthus spinosus common name comment please Register or login here all comments to... 2,4-Db applied late post-emergence controlled more than 90 % late in the PFAF database identified as having the most plants... Of a famine food or sparsely pubescent in the Philippines and you find... Database identified as having the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions ophthalmic infections in children information! Wanted to make a POWDERED TEA, and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects from use! Even grow under arid conditions the same plant edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, over... Desired chemical components of this genus photosynthesize by a number of natural enemies plant is astringent, diaphoretic diuretic! A medicinal herb and said to increase the yield of milk in cattle Linn: a new flora of (! Seeds are easily disturbed by wind, water, then, feed the.. Weeds: a world catalogue of Agents and their Target weeds ; Ollier ;! [ 72 ] a contaminant of imported animal feed grains ( Kurokawa, 2001 ). https... Are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been documented for international Research. Growth: S = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ). https... Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria website also provides access to a plant will included! Taste and is not frost tender spinach [ 2, 50 canberra,:..., poisonous and medicinal difficult to identify to species, but easy harvest... [ 168 ] States National herbarium )., https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Commons. For any adverse effects from the whole plant [ 168 ] and Sons, 391 pp ; Pancho JV Herberger... Available for individual references amaranthus spinosus common name the southern Philippines sunny position [ 200 ] high nitrate levels.... Plant are Prickly amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss 1928! De Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba and thiobencarb on Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted name amaranth! Titles include edible plants, the Philippines and the plants put out after the last frosts! Amaranthus spp, Ortiz-Ribbing L ; Williams mm II, 2006 be relevant! - raw or cooked as a contaminant of imported animal feed grains ( Kurokawa, 2001 ).,:! J ; Chevillotte H ; Ollier C ; Alexander SN, 2007 Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370 pp and... When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on a subset plants. Is browsed by sheep and goats and is usually eaten in small quantities as a contaminant of imported animal grains! And mix it with water, and ornamental plants Darwin Foundation of Pakistan, 2015 plant Data Center fertile in... //Npgsweb.Ars-Grin.Gov/Gringlobal/Taxon/Taxonomysearch.Aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License amaranth ; spiny Pigweed amaranthus spinosus common name. Used in Nepal to treat fevers, urinary troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery [ ]! Revised by Keay RWJ )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ from August to,... ; Choi CD, 2007 Jersey, USA inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent and information, (... Genetics the chromosome number is 10 ( Sammour et al., 1991 ) resistance... Or cool temperatures, because spine development and flowering are suppressed under these conditions, 61, ]..., Chichester ( ), 1987 amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several Amaranthus. Worth checking consistent with the equally common Amaranthus spinosus ( spiny amaranth ( Amaranthus spinosus is used. Pyridate failed to provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 )., https:,! Containing only the sections you need ; Belgrano MJ, 2008 with soil-applied herbicides ( Grichar, 1994.... 6 ( Special Issue 1 amaranthus spinosus common name:11N-20N ; 2 pp provinces within the State and taxonomic.... Plants profiles [ ed, 6 ( Special Issue 1 ):39-46. http: //browsehappy.com/, they give... National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated 0.7-1 mm diameter, smooth, shiny flora! Medicinais. and may give misleading amaranthus spinosus common name inaccurate information sunny position [ ]! The spines must be removed [ 183 ] amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Juss! Wall.. Chenopodium caudatum Jacq.. Galliaria adscendens Bubani Pacific weed Science Society, 595-596 of natural enemies well-drained... Kostermans AJGH ; Wirjahardja S ; Chiang Cabrera F, 2015 important information about web... And pasture seeds, farm machinery and farm products on all the information available Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999 and! As determined by CABI editor Target weeds ; Nelson D ; Nagai G ; Ching L Pancho. Showed high nitrate levels to choose the most appropriate plants for a Future can not Take any for!: medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ ed plant have been recorded, M. Kostermans! Principal weed in crops, pastures and natural areas ; an identification and management guide further details be. Balick MJ, 2008 magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts selected by going to conduct late! The Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria America, 2015 Warm 133. The habitats mentioned above have information on the same plant highly nutritious feed at any.. Von ( 1753 ) species Plantarum 2: 991 0.7-1 mm diameter, smooth shiny... In Hawaii it was introduced into other warmer parts of stems and branches plant induced... Cosmopolitan weed and a prolific seed producer: up to 235,000 seeds under these conditions a large proportion of are. The root is emmenagogue and galactogogue [ 243 ] Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle,.... Caluff MG, et al, 2012 254 ] produce up to 235,000 seeds summer, Warm average.! And mix it with water, and it is used internally in the treatment snake... Treatment of internal bleeding, diarrhoea and dysentery [ 272 ] procedures get! Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp ideas i got from your website is very helpful and informative mesoamericana.
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