amaranthus dubius nutritional value

Fresh, tender leaves and shoots can be eaten raw either in salads or juiced. Copper is also required for the production of red blood cells. It is a reasonably well-balanced food with functional properties that have been shown to provide medicinal benefits. One cup of amaranth leaves, that are cooked, boiled, and drained contains 90 % vitamin C daily value requirement, 73 % vitamin A, 28 % calcium and 17 % iron. It is crucial for formation of balanced cellular fluid environment. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Several cultivars of amaranth grown meant either for vegetable leaves or grain. In Tamil Nadu, steamed and mashed leaves are sautéed with few spices to make keerai masial. All rights reserved. Fresh or tender leaves and shoots are added to salads and juiced. Amaranth greens are nutritious, edible leafy vegetables of Central American origin. The nutritional value of amaranth has been extensively studied (Becker et The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). Grain Amaranths are characterized by apical large inflorescence comprising aggregates of cymes and white or cream colored seeds. Amaranthus cruentus L. ( is widely distributed in tropical Africa. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius (1814) without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid (McNeill et al., 2012). Nutritional value of amaranths Amaranths have excellent nutritional value because of their high content of essential micronutrients such as b-carotene, iron, calcium, vitamin C and folic acid (Priya et al. Leaves are green or purple with slender stalks and are variable in size. Diet rich in protein results suppression of hunger as they promote insulin levels in blood and promotes satiety. Fresh amaranth leaves are one of the richest sources of vitamin-C. 100 g of fresh leaves carry 43.3 mg or 70% of recommended daily intake of this vitamin. - Over … Nutritionists recommend to intake high dose of amaranth leaves in diet for managing weight and high blood pressure. Also avoid greens that are too large and thick stemmed since they can be overtly bitter. TAGs are composed of fatty acids, which have an important effect on oil stability, application, and nutritional properties. There are 4 species of Amaranthus cultivated as vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus bllitum, Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus tricolor. Its regular intake is found to be helpful for digestive health. Preliminary assessment of nutritional value of traditional leafy vegetables in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa B. Odhava,, S. Beekrumb, ... Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus spinosus, Asystasia gangetica, Bidens pilosa, Centella asiatica, Ceratotheca triloba, People with lysinuric protein intolerance could experience stomach pain and diarrhea with an intake of amaranth greens. (Link opens in new window). Amaranth leaves are regarded as storehouse of phytonutrients as well as antioxidants which assist to lower inflammation in the body and boost nutrition to maintain overall health. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. Add lemon with amaranth leaves with glass of orange juice. Intake of amaranth leaves suppress appetite being rich in protein. USAID.GOV -Pdf-(Link opens in new window). In the markets, buy fresh leaves packed in bunches featuring deep-green/variegated color, Grasp 2 bunches of red spinach leaves and wash them pleasantly in running water. In China, it is added to soups and stir-fries. Addiction – What Are the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Drug Abuse? Organic Red Amaranth (Burgandy) Seeds - 2 Seed Packets! Amaranth leaves and grains were one of the staple foods of Aztecs and Incas in pre-Columbian times. In Greece, the amaranth greens are popular as vleeta, boiled with other well-known green-leafy like dandelion, mustard green, chicory greens Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin-A and flavonoids are also known to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. In Tamil Nadu, it is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed, mashed and … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY It also lowers the effect of free radicals in environment that results in aging and cancer. All rights reserved. For the same reason, leafy greens including amaranth often recommended by dieticians in the cholesterol controlling and weight reduction programs. The challenge is to find ways to incorporate it into existing food products, as well as to create new products from it It has a long history of cultivation, especially for its leaves. By Anushruti RK Of all the edible leaves available in the market, the vibrant colours of amaranth or Amaranthus dubius, also known as red spinach, Chinese spinach or yin choy (in Chinese) stand out in particular. Small bit of fat and no cholesterol content makes it a healthy food for those who are concerned with weight or reduce weight. Amaranth greens, like spinach, carry higher contents of oxalic acid (1.09 g/100g), a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. Visit here for an impressive list of vegetables with complete illustrations of their nutrition facts and Amaratnh leaves are storehouse for many phytonutrients, antioxidants, minerals and vitamins which contribute immensely to health and wellness. Botanically, amaranth species meant for its leaves are different from those grown for the purpose of grains (pseudocereals). Amaranth greens also contains ample amounts of B-complex vitamins such as folates, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), riboflavin, thiamin (vitamin B-1), and niacin. Amaranth greens nutrition and health benefits. Amaranthus dubius Note for deep green leaves. The grains used as pseudocereals like quinoa in Europe and USA, whereas leaf-varieties are cultivated mostly as leafy-vegetables in India, China and Africa. Because of its high vitamin-K content, patients taking anti-coagulants such as "warfarin" are encouraged to avoid amaranth in their food since it interferes with Amaranth-Purdue University Education. In the Indian subcontinent, the greens are called as chaulai found wide usage in curries, stews, and mixed vegetable dishes. Fresh leaves can be either chopped or used as they are in a variety of recipes. The good: This food is low in Saturated Fat, and very low in Cholesterol. Wash leaves in cold water before using in cooking. The particularity of amino acid profile of A. cruentus leaves is its methionine and lysine levels, which are the limiting amino acids in … It is useful for people with Alzheimer’s disease as it controls neural damage in brain. Amaranth leaves are loaded with potassium required for maintaining good cardiac health. Terms & conditions It is loaded with flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidant such as zeaxanthin, beta carotene and lutein providing a protective layer against oxidative stress caused by free radicals. One cup (246 grams) of cooked amaranth contains the following nutrients : Calories: 251… It is beneficial for people experiencing hair loss and graying of hair color. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is helpful for treatment of diarrhea and hemorrhages. Along with amaranth leaves, add vitamin C to facilitate maximum absorption of iron in blood. Adequate intake of water is therefore advised to maintain normal urine output. Amaranthus caudatus L. is a grain crop in Latin America and high rainfall areas of west Africa. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. It also protects mouth and lung cancers. Chop the leaves and use it for various recipes. (Link opens in new window). Scientific name: A. dubius. vitality, and crispiness. Additionally, it also has an established role in patients with Alzheimer's disease by limiting neuronal damage in the brain. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Low calories; The serving of 100 gm of amaranth leaves offers 23 calories. The presence of dietary fiber and phytates in leaves could interfere with bioavailability of iron, calcium and magnesium. Amaranth leaves ease the digestion process. NUTRITIONAL VALUE Amaranthus is highly nutritious, both the grain amaranth and leaves are utilized for human as well as for animal food (Tucker, 1986). The leaves and stems carry a good amount of soluble and insoluble dietary fibers. Iron is required for production of red blood cells and also required for cellular metabolism. A cup of amaranth leaves provides 97% of daily requirement of this antioxidative vitamin. Choosing a Quality Meal kit Subscription Service, Health benefits of Balsam Apple – Momordica balsamina, Uses and benefits of Ammoniacum – Dorema ammoniacum, Round or lance shaped, five to fifteen cm long or more, Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 54.3 mg (60.33%), Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). Spleen amaranth is native to Asia, Africa and Europe, and is widely cultivated as a green leafy vegetable in Africa and South Asia. Its greens carry just 23 calories/100g. The leaves encompass 17.5 to 38.3% dry matter as protein of which 5% is lysine33. USDA National Nutrient Database. It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. It enhances osteoblastic activity and strengthen bone mass. Amaranth wilt early and only stay fresh for 2-3 days in the refrigerator. Once at home, wash amaranth vigorously in a bowl of cold water, swish thoroughly several times to rid off sand/dirt. Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). Know about this wonder cayenne Pepper benefits (Lal Mirch or Capsicum Annuum) These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. In this chapter, amaranth seed oil composition will be presented. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. AMARANTH: Composition, Properties, and Applications of a Rediscovered Food Crop . However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Uncooked amaranth grain is 12% water, 65% carbohydrates (including 7% dietary fiber), 14% protein, and 7% fat (table). Gently pat them dry using a tissue/soft cloth or swish few times in the air. Vitamin-K Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. Amaranth soup with prepared with ham hocks. This item MABES WAREHOUSE Red Spinach 2000 Seeds - Amaranthus Dubius/Red Amaranth Asian Vegetables Healthy Plant, Medicinal Summer-Tolerant Green, Chinese Spinach Seeds for Planting. So, use them fresh at the earliest in order to get maximum nutrition benefits. Consume amaranth greens in moderate amounts. Amaranth leaves helps to reduce bad cholesterol which are responsible for cardiac ailments. Amaranthus dubius Mart.ex Thell is mainly grown in Asia and Caribbean. 14 Wonderful benefits of red spinach (Amaranthus dubius) 6 Amazing Green Garlic benefits and nutritional value. Presently, its growth is mainly concentrated in tropical climates of Latin Americas, Asia and Africa. It offers riboflavin, folates, thiamin, niacin and Vitamin B6. Calories from Fat 2.16 Kcal. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. The leaves have an exceptional protein quality, (25 percent for Amaranthus cruentus) reportedly containing more lysine (about 0.8 percent for A. cruentus)] than quality-protein maize (high-lysine corn) and more methionine than soybean meal.In addition, vitamins A and C occur in good quantities. Vegetable amaranths distinguished by features like short spike inflorescence, glossy, brownish-black seed, and indeterminate growth habit. … health benefits. Amaranth leaves are packed with vitamin B group. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Amaranth leaves, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt. Amaranth greens have high content of vitamin C. A serving of 100 grams offers 70% of daily requirement of Vitamin C, a water soluble vitamin required to comb at infections and speeds up healing process. People with oxalate urinary tract stones should avoid intake of vegetables that belongs to Brasscia and Amaranthaceae family. Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth co-factor for many enzymes that regulate growth and development, digestion and nucleic acid synthesis. A cup of Amaranth leaves offers 29% of daily recommended intake of iron. Cooking for longer period leads to loss of nutrients such as vitamins and antioxidants. Folates rich diet help prevent neural tube defects in the newborns. 10 Amazing uses and health benefits of Green Beans. Amaranth leaves contain only traces of fats and no cholesterol. made with taro, ham hocks, peppers, celery, okra, coconut milk, and crabmeat. Isolate leaves and thick stems. Amaranths are short seasonal annual crops. Abstract: Amaranth grain is a highly nutritional pseudocereal with a superior amount of proteins when compared to true cereals. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. This grain is rich in various minerals and vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, panthothenic acid, calcium, folate, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and potassium. Moreover, its leaves carry more potassium than that of in the spinach. In a way similar to other kinds of greens like spinach, kale, etc., amaranth in the diet helps prevent osteoporosis (weakness of bones), iron-deficiency anemia. The human body uses manganese and copper as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. (Medical disclaimer). Amaratnh leaves are storehouse for many phytonutrients, antioxidants, minerals and vitamins which contribute immensely to health and wellness. received considerable attention in many countries because of the high nutritional value of some species like A. Spinosus which are important sources of food, either as vegetable or grain. Leafy-vegetable amaranths grow well at day temperatures above 25 ℃ and night temperatures not lower than 15 ℃. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. <<-Also read Amaranth grain nutrition facts and health benefits. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Rich In Iron Levels: For treating anaemia, red spinach can be easily used solely because of the good … Grain Amaranths includes A. hypochondriacus, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, etc. It lowers high blood pressure and reduces the chances of heart attacks. family. Red spinach is a member of the plant family Amaranthaceae, which includes nearly 2,500 species ranging from spinach to beetroot to grains such as amaranth and quinoa. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Additionally, it has higher levels of other minerals than spinach such as calcium, manganese, magnesium, copper and zinc. Small bit of fat and no cholesterol content makes it a healthy food for those who are concerned with weight or reduce weight. Its intake helps to lower weight and hinder heart disease as it reduces cholesterol in … In addition, vitamin-A is essential for maintaining healthy mucosa and skin, and is essential factor for ocular (eye) health. POL, PLL, POO, OLL, and LOO are the predominant TAGs in the amaranth seed oil. This underutilised plant has promising economic value. 2007). Individuals with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating certain vegetables belonging to Amaranthaceae and Brassica https://www.nutrition-and-you.com/amaranth-greens.html, https://food.ndtv.com/food-drinks/amaranth-leaves-how-to-cook-this-green-leafy-vegetable-761205, https://www.seriouseats.com/recipes/2010/07/seriously-asian-amaranth-greens-stir-fried-with-garlic-recipe.html, https://www.clovegarden.com/ingred/ch_amaranth.html, https://www.tropicalpermaculture.com/amaranth-plant.html, https://lajollamom.com/amaranth-grain-leaves-health-benefits/, https://extension.umd.edu/sites/extension.umd.edu/files/_docs/EthnicVegHandbook2008.pdf, https://www.nda.agric.za/docs/brochures/amaranthus.pdf, http://www.simplyantioxidant.com/antioxidant-foods-amaranth-greens.html, https://pharmeasy.in/blog/16-health-benefits-of-amaranth-leave/. It controls heart rate in human body. Calories 28 Kcal. In the Caribbean, amaranth greens are known as callaloo and are one of the chief items in the popular "callaloo-soup" They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Amaranth leaves have adequate soluble and insoluble fiber that offers various health benefits. plays a vital role in strengthening the bone mass by promoting osteoblastic activity in the bone cells. Amaranths like fertile, free-drained alkaline soils. In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. Pat them to dry with the use of soft cloth. A. tricolor and A. dubius are some of the important leafy-amaranths. Amaranth greens perhaps have the highest concentrations of vitamin-K of all the edible green-leafy vegetables. Together, these compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and thereby play a healing role in aging and various disease processes. Thanks to the ongoing reaserch studies in the area of pseudocereals, amaranthus has rediscovered itself as a promising food crop fo its high nutritional value of seeds (grains) and leaves. The leaves contain 17.5 to 38.3% dry matter as protein of which 5% is lysine 2 . The species vary slightly in their nutritional value and chemical composition as stated in Table 1. Potassium is an important component of the cell and body fluids that helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure. Amaranthus dubius is a vigorous, erect, annual plant with a branched stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall[270. The genus Amaranthus has received considerable attention in many countries because of the high nutritional value of some species that are important sources of food, either as vegetable or grain. Botanically, amaranth belongs to the family of Amaranthaceae, in the genus; Amaranthus. Updated-Apr 05, 2019, © copyright 2009-2020 @ Umesh Rudrappa. Amaranth leaves offer adequate Vitamin A. Oxalic content of selected vegetables. Other common names amaranth 'Red Army' Family Amaranthaceae Genus Amaranthus can be upright or spreading annuals or short-lived perennials, with simple leaves and tiny flowers borne in dense, erect or pendulous, catkin-like inflorescences in summer and autumn Clean the leaves in cold water before being cooked. Amaranthus spinosus is distinguished by the … Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus) to … Amaranth leaves are rich in Vitamin K which is crucial for bone health. Amaranth has several vital antioxidant vitamins like vitamin-A (2917 IU or over 97% of daily recommended levels per 100 g) and flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and β-carotene. In the mainland China where the greens are called by name yin-tsai (A. tricolor or Chinese spinach), it is employed in stir-fries and soups. This vitamin is required for maintaining healthy skin and vision health. In particular, amaranth is a good source of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus and iron. Zinc is a (Link opens new window). ex Thell. The serving of 100 gm of amaranth leaves offers 23 calories. Amaranth leaves have high calcium content beneficial for people with osteoporosis and other bone associated health problems associated to calcium deficiency. <<-Back to Vegetables from Amaranth greens. etc., dress with extra virgin olive oil and a squeeze of lemon juice and serve as the dish vrasta chorta. In the tropics, amaranth greens available round the year. Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania. Extended cooking may result in loss of nutrients, particularly antioxidants and vitamins. Home | About us | Contact | Blog | Sitemap | Privacy policy | Disclaimer. Besides grain, amaranth leaves are also high in protein. drug metabolism. Fiber content; Amaranth leaves have adequate soluble and insoluble fiber that offers various health benefits. It enhance hair growth and promote skin health. Amaranth leaves contain lysine, an amino acid required for production of energy and calcium absorption. Its intake helps to lower weight and hinder heart disease as it reduces cholesterol in blood. Fresh 100 g of leaf amaranth contains 29% DRI of iron. Its leaves are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing the seed. Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Loosestrife, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Major Health Benefits of Sleep and Recovery Supplements. Nopal Cactus: 10 Health benefits and uses of nopales. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae.. Protein through plant source is regarded to be much healthier rather than animal sources as it has no cholesterol and very low fat. Iron deficiency. The main component of this oil is triacylglycerols (TAGs). Amaranth leaves contain only traces of fats and no cholesterol. Reserve stems to cook separately as it takes longer time to cook. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Amaranth grows all around the world in the tropical and subtropical environments. Facts. Nutritional Value. Actually, they have high food value. People allergic to amaranths should avoid it. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] 100 g of fresh greens provides 1140 μg or 950% of daily vitamin-K requirements. To prepare, separate the leaves and thick stems, reserving the stems to cook separately which may take longer to cook. Iron is an essential trace element required by the human body for red blood cell (RBC's) production and as a co-factor for the oxidation-reduction enzyme, cytochrome oxidase during the cellular metabolism. Privacy Policy Greens are used in stews, curries and mixed, In Greece, Amaranth greens are boiled with other leafy greens such as, Leaves are cooked with lentils and served with rotis or. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Vitamin-C is a powerful water-soluble antioxidant which plays a vital role in wound healing and help fight against viral infections. It prevents birth defects in newborn babies and are required for physical and mental health. Its greens carry just 23 calories/100g. plants to lack nutritional power. Phytates and dietary fiber present in the leaves may interfere with the bioavailability of calcium, iron, and magnesium. Freshly harvested leaves from each of the growing sites were analyzed for proximate composition of beta‐carotene, reduced ascorbic acid, minerals iron, calcium, phosphorous and … Thellung (1912) validly published the name. Health Benefits of Amaranth Greens. Avoid those with wilted leaves, yellow discoloration and spots.

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