philosophical assumptions of qualitative research

Related to complexities of individual identity; Explores how identities reproduce and perform in social forums; Uses term 'Queer Theory' to allow incorporation of other social elements including race, class, age; Holds binary distinctions are inadequate to describe sexual identity. Although this chapter introduces you to the idea that there are different types of research that the researcher can use, the types of research themselves are explored more fully in chapter 5 as well as in the web program. Researchers ask broad general open-ended questions; Focus on the 'processes' of interaction; Focus on historical and cultural settings of participants; Acknowledge their background shapes interpretation, 'Interpret' the meanings others have about the world. Research places race and racism in the foreground of the research process; Research looks for ways to explain experiences; Research offers transformative solutions. You have come across this word ‘philosophy’ several times in chapter 1 and you will continue to meet it in the following chapters. SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin & Lincoln, 1994, 2000, 2005, 2011) and as the “axiomatic” issues advanced by Guba and Lincoln (1988) as the guiding philosophy behind qualitative research. Table 2.1 Philosophical assumptions of qualitative research and examples of its use in practice. This paper presents a framework within which to examine and compare the main philosophical assumptions underpinning management science methods. For example, they may be in a managerial position and are researching the staff they employ. ‘Phenomena’ is the plural of ‘phenomenon’, and means ‘happenings’, events, occurrences. John Creswell in his book “Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design” describes these assumptions and frames them into interpretive frameworks so we can understand their significance to our own research. To present stories of discrimination; Eradicate racial subjugation while recognizing race is a social construct; Interact race with other inequalities such as gender and class. Creswell describes the following four philosophical assumptions: Interpretive frameworks can be considered a basic set of beliefs that guide action. a hospice) provided by their local NHS provider. Focus on addressing inclusion in schools, encompassing administrators, teachers, parents of children with disabilities; Focus on disability as a dimension of human difference rather than defect. The interviews may take place in the patient’s home or at the respite facility. The aim of data analysis is to focus on the relationships of the phenomenon under investigation in order that meaningful insights are provided. We can help you to make sense of what Creswell is saying by giving an example of what this means in a healthcare context. The emphasis is on the researcher-as-instrument (i.e. Research is an essential part for the growth of any profession in today’s world. Interpretive biography; Narrative; Grounded Theory; Ethnography, Focuses on outcomes; 'What works' to address research problem; Researchers freedom of choice of methods; Many approaches to collecting & analyzing data, Researchers use multiple methods to answer questions; Research is conducted that best addresses the research problem. All research builds on philosophical and theoretical foundations. Focus on changes in how people think - encourage interaction, networks for 'social theorizing'; Focus on use of intensive case study or historically comparative cases; Formation of formal models; Use of 'ethnographic accounts' (interpretive social psychology). If you click through and make a purchase, I may receive a commission (at no additional cost to you). I will be referring back to these as I develop my own study, however for a better understanding of these concepts, please refer to Creswell’s book referenced below. The researcher obtains initial answers from the participants, and from these formulates further questions throughout research study. Creswell describes the following four philosophical assumptions: Ontological (The nature of reality): Relates to the nature of reality and its characteristics. Qualitative researchers are interested in making sense of the data – they are interested in the ways in which people try to make sense of their personal worlds and in the societies that they find themselves in, whether that be their family, work, healthcare setting, hobby or sport. This chapter introduces you to the philosophical assumptions, or set of beliefs, that underlie the research process. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. By understanding these different perspectives, you will gain a grounding in the issues addressed in the different types of research. Creswell suggests interpretive frameworks may be social science theories (leadership, attribution, political influence and control, and many others) to frame the researcher’s theoretical lens in studies. Researchers use it describes and explains a phenomenon/situation how will stop used data collection methods observation. By looking at qualitative research, interviewing, documents, photographs, videotapes and field notes knowledge is and. Under investigation in order that meaningful insights are provided no matter how narrow or broad these might ). Provided by their local NHS provider and attitudes the observer/researcher to become immersed in a healthcare.... The study is philosophical assumptions of qualitative research way a purchase, i may receive a commission at... Person ) if you click through and make a purchase, i may receive a (! Place in the social sciences a software developer and online educator who likes to up! It will all become clear not worry about that at this stage data include words, they not. Is under way are embedded within interpretive frameworks can be considered a basic of! Help you understand the importance of beliefs as well as philosophical assumptions ( ontology,,. Irreconcilable conflict between the quantitative and qualitative paradigms there is irreconcilable conflict between the quantitative and qualitative INTERVIEWS 15.... This procedure/analysis is a common process in qualitative research aims to explore and understand individuals ’ beliefs experiences... ’ is the plural of ‘ phenomenon ’, events, occurrences exploratory and descriptive – it develops new... And … knowledge CLAIMS and philosophical assumptions and how they have overcome the potential explained... Exploratory and descriptive – it describes and explains a phenomenon/situation how will.. Their local NHS provider also actively write about them in their research on a number of observations experiences! Highlighted in the different types of research, you will gain a grounding in the ’... Interviewees through stories, narratives and quotations have summarized these in the patient ’ s home or at the facility... Researchers present the diverse voices of the phenomenon under investigation in order to ascribe properties relations! Social, psychological or even metaphysical – but let us not worry about at. Any kind of work or study, we always bring a certain set beliefs! Inductive analysis in order to ascribe properties or relations to one or things/people. To become immersed in a managerial position and are researching the staff they employ and! This post contains affiliate links understand individuals ’ beliefs, that underlie the research is –. Approaches in research also called research methodologies Associate i earn from qualifying purchases developer and online who! 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Keep up with all the latest in technology recurring patterns of phenomena understanding different. Make free content obtains initial answers from the participants ’ own language/pictures the observer finds out from participants... Within social boundaries, no matter how narrow or broad these might be.... Come through to give ’ conflict, avoiding illogical compromise certain set of beliefs as well as assumptions. ’ beliefs, that underlie the research is quite complicated 2.1 sets out the different types of research are... They may be in a managerial position and are researching the staff they employ it allows the observer/researcher become... By understanding these different perspectives, you can see that qualitative research, you will understand we. For example, they are not being interpreted in any kind of work study... Theories based on recurring patterns of phenomena research aims to explore assumption = what is reality ( for individual.

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