Related to complexities of individual identity; Explores how identities reproduce and perform in social forums; Uses term 'Queer Theory' to allow incorporation of other social elements including race, class, age; Holds binary distinctions are inadequate to describe sexual identity. Although this chapter introduces you to the idea that there are different types of research that the researcher can use, the types of research themselves are explored more fully in chapter 5 as well as in the web program. Researchers ask broad general open-ended questions; Focus on the 'processes' of interaction; Focus on historical and cultural settings of participants; Acknowledge their background shapes interpretation, 'Interpret' the meanings others have about the world. Research places race and racism in the foreground of the research process; Research looks for ways to explain experiences; Research offers transformative solutions. You have come across this word ‘philosophy’ several times in chapter 1 and you will continue to meet it in the following chapters. SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin & Lincoln, 1994, 2000, 2005, 2011) and as the “axiomatic” issues advanced by Guba and Lincoln (1988) as the guiding philosophy behind qualitative research. Table 2.1 Philosophical assumptions of qualitative research and examples of its use in practice. This paper presents a framework within which to examine and compare the main philosophical assumptions underpinning management science methods. For example, they may be in a managerial position and are researching the staff they employ. ‘Phenomena’ is the plural of ‘phenomenon’, and means ‘happenings’, events, occurrences. John Creswell in his book “Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design” describes these assumptions and frames them into interpretive frameworks so we can understand their significance to our own research. To present stories of discrimination; Eradicate racial subjugation while recognizing race is a social construct; Interact race with other inequalities such as gender and class. Creswell describes the following four philosophical assumptions: Interpretive frameworks can be considered a basic set of beliefs that guide action. a hospice) provided by their local NHS provider. Focus on addressing inclusion in schools, encompassing administrators, teachers, parents of children with disabilities; Focus on disability as a dimension of human difference rather than defect. The interviews may take place in the patient’s home or at the respite facility. The aim of data analysis is to focus on the relationships of the phenomenon under investigation in order that meaningful insights are provided. We can help you to make sense of what Creswell is saying by giving an example of what this means in a healthcare context. The emphasis is on the researcher-as-instrument (i.e. Research is an essential part for the growth of any profession in today’s world. Interpretive biography; Narrative; Grounded Theory; Ethnography, Focuses on outcomes; 'What works' to address research problem; Researchers freedom of choice of methods; Many approaches to collecting & analyzing data, Researchers use multiple methods to answer questions; Research is conducted that best addresses the research problem. All research builds on philosophical and theoretical foundations. Focus on changes in how people think - encourage interaction, networks for 'social theorizing'; Focus on use of intensive case study or historically comparative cases; Formation of formal models; Use of 'ethnographic accounts' (interpretive social psychology). If you click through and make a purchase, I may receive a commission (at no additional cost to you). I will be referring back to these as I develop my own study, however for a better understanding of these concepts, please refer to Creswell’s book referenced below. The researcher obtains initial answers from the participants, and from these formulates further questions throughout research study. Creswell describes the following four philosophical assumptions: Ontological (The nature of reality): Relates to the nature of reality and its characteristics. Qualitative researchers are interested in making sense of the data – they are interested in the ways in which people try to make sense of their personal worlds and in the societies that they find themselves in, whether that be their family, work, healthcare setting, hobby or sport. This chapter introduces you to the philosophical assumptions, or set of beliefs, that underlie the research process. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. 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