What matters is if you have a German modal verb. Here’s an example for what that is…. There are these fringe cases where there seems to be no logic for why it’s zu or um zu and I think the best we can do is just accept them. First of, the structure and order WITHIN the element and then the structure and order in the sentence that CONTAINS the element. It can be useful to view infinitive clauses as being transformed from main clauses. In German, you can end up saying nach, zu, in, auf, neben and five million more of those prepositions (not a statistical figure): Ich gehe INS Kino. And the first one is going to be the one for, If you don’t know the rules yet… here is the article, I wrote on that…. Now let’s put what we’ve learned to the test and do a really really challenging sentence.. who’s with me?? When she saw it, she said that she’s really happy now with the stay at home corona stuff because no one has to see this disas… wait, that’s not really praise, actually, is it. So far so basic. One usage is when going to a specific location but not actually inside. Er will die neuesten Nachrichten lesen. Oh… to make the training extra beneficial, read everything out loud and do it WITHOUT writing it down. In German, the comma matters as it separates the two ideas. Thank you for surprising me and for challenging me to leave my comfort zo… gee, what am I saying. A quick check with the questions will clear it up. There’s a slight hiccup though, because English and German modal verbs are not entirely the same different. 2. Hooray :). The meaning of "zu" in German "Zu" is a word that can create a lot of confusion amongst people that are starting to learn German. But if you don’t have to, then it’s much better style to NOT do it. Let’s take it one to at a time…. So… let’s take a look :). Mainly, the verbs hören and sehen…. The one I want to mention here is: These DO NOT WORK with (um)-zu. If you want to talk to me about reviews, collabs, jobs or anything drop me an email: Join 19,791 subscribers and get my epic newsletter whenever I post a new article :). Modal verbs can do it directly…, German three ways… with zu, with um zu and directly. --> Ich gehe zur Arbeit. Now, infinitve-elements can also fill this role, and the twist is that the preposition actually disappears. So.. here it is, have fun and give me some feedback, if that helped you or if you have question regarding the exercise. However, nach is used with reference to geographic locations or directions; zu is used in all other cases except these. And then the verb sein, gehen and kommen. And it’s not wrong, technically. And you might have already noticed that their structure is like that of a side sentence… you know, like a weil or dass-sentence. Most of you now probably have a question about the word order, but we’ll get to that later. We don’t spam! As you do not really have a subject for the second verb in the English sentence, one usually uses the German man. And that’s what a zu-element does in German. So we can technically put it into different positions. Let’s go…, And we’ll start with some basic background. The sentence is obviously supposed to mean: And you have to decide whether you need to use zu, um.. zu or nothing at all. For instance, the reason for my call might be that it’s her birthday and I want to congratulate her. And the perfect example are what I will call too-to-phrasing. We’ve learned that a zu-element has the role of an object. I’m going to Youtube to watch cat videos. Which of the following will be translated with a zu-element? German uses three different prepositions, am, um and im, to refer to a certain day, an approximate time, a time of day or a season when something takes place. But another really common way to kind of “connect” two actions is called an infinitive clause. Gee… thanks headline, I just said that! But that’s actually not all it can do. Ich gehe zum Kühlschrank : ein Bier holen. So now we know when to use zu or um zu or nothing and we have a quite effective, super quick test. These are the basics. A thorough look at the difference between "zu" and "um zu" and a quick test to find out which one to use. But, surprise, surprise, every language has its own take on them. Having more choices is not always helpful, but you can easily break it down to a few ideas to help you remember which one you should use. Oh by the way, if you’re reading comments… this article is from 2012 originally, but I gave it a thorough do over in May 2020. Also, note that the same happens in other prepositions too. You’ll see it here shortly. Now, sometimes, the additional information involves another action. You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. The correct choice in the example is um… zu, so after you have moved all the verbs into their place you should wind up with: Now the page is not wide enough to give the fully formulated solutions, so you will only see what form (zu, um zu, nothing) to use and not where the verb goes or how zu squeezes between a prefix and a basic verb. Technically, this also works with other verbs of motion, and I think we’ll also talk about it in a separate article at some point. Er will die neuesten Nachrichten lesen. Earned Point(s): 0 of 0, (0) 0 Essay(s) Pending (Possible Point(s): 0). There are some cases where the simple what or why test let’s us down. But if you want to dive a bit deeper, have more examples, learn about the exceptions and the sentence structure and do a little test, then follow me :). All right. You CAN squeeze them in the middle of the container. Which of the following will be translated with um zu? at least in German. It is used as a locative preposition, temporal preposition, causal preposition, adverb and conjunction with different meanings. So today, we’ll find out what these phrasings are, when to use which and how to use them. As beginners, we all learn that the verb has to go to the end if there is more than one part. Here’s another example: Just like the first example, the infinite-element has the role of the direct object here. It’s gonna be tremendous. Why, for what purpose am I trying that? or in other words… when to use neither “zu” nor “um zu”. The mechanics are similar in English. Both sentences can now be linked like this: Ich rufe meinen Freund an, um ihm eine Frage zu stellen. 1. However, it’s much better to understand the logic behind when to use which. Um einen guten Eindruck zu machen, bringt er seiner zukünftigen Schwiegermutter Blumen mit. mir ein leckeres, kaltes Bier aus dem riesigen Kühlschrank. 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