A mountain lion pounced on a Colorado deputy who responded to a report of the animal attacking a civilian, dramatic video shows.  Estimates of territory sizes for cougars vary greatly. Fish and Wildlife Service, Committee on Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, "Texas Mountain Lion Conservation Project", "Cougar Attacks on Humans: A Case Report", 10.1580/1080-6032(2003)14[169:CAOHAC]2.0.CO;2, 10.2193/0091-7648(2005)33[905:PRTCAB]2.0.CO;2, "Cougar attacks on humans in United States and Canada", "Confirmed mountain lion attacks in the United States and Canada 1890 – present", "Victim In Deadly Washington State Cougar Attack Had Boston Ties", Search continues for mountain lion that killed Pinos Altos man, Wounded mountain lion captured, killed near Pinos Altos, Second mountain lion captured near Pinos Altos, "Should You Run or Freeze When You See a Mountain Lion? There have been unconfirmed sightings in Elliotsville Plantation, Maine (north of Monson) and as early as 1997 in New Hampshire.  Another authenticated case occurred In 1997 in Iguazú National Park, northeast Argentina when the 20-month son of a ranger was killed by a female puma. They prey on anything from insects and rabbits, to 1,500 lb.  Mountain lions are well documented in the state of Wisconsin, with several confirmed sightings with photo and video evidence being as recent as August 13, 2019, with many other sightings earlier that year and during the previous year of 2018. at the shoulder, that’s nearly 3 ft. tall! Bobcat vs. Mountain Lion. Zoos have commercially available ground meat, which provides all the vitamins and nutrients needed for survival. , A successful generalist predator, the cougar will eat any animal it can catch, from insects to large ungulates (over 500 kg (1,100 lb)). Puma, mountain lion, cougar, painter, mountain cat, catamount, and many other names are being used to refer the same animal. As they grow, they begin to go out on forays with their mother, first visiting kill sites, and after six months beginning to hunt small prey on their own. The term puma is also used in the United States. On one hand, the cats will sometimes attack livestock, and even humans. It is capable of leaping from the ground up to 5.5 m high into a tree. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Feline immunodeficiency virus, an endemic HIV-like virus in cats, is well-adapted to the cougar. The Chicago Cougars of the World Hockey Association operated from 1972 to 1975 while the now-Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League were called the Cougars from their inaugural season in 1926 until 1930.  California has actively sought to protect the cat and has an estimated population of 4,000 to 6,000. Primary food sources are ungulates, particularly deer. An animal that shares a kill with its neighbor increases the likelihood the neighbor will share a kill in return.  In 2012 a 23-year-old woman was found dead in a mountainous area in Salta Province in northwest Argentina. , Predation by cougars on dogs "is widespread, but occurs at low frequencies", The grace and power of the cougar have been widely admired in the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Whether born to a female puma mated to a male leopard or to a male puma mated to a female leopard, pumapards inherit a form of dwarfism. Comparison of strength: A jaguar can leap upto 10 feet in the air. The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League use the name/image of the southeastern United States cougar subspecies, the Florida panther (the state animal), as its mascot. Mountain Lion vs Puma .  On average, adult male cougars in British Columbia weigh 56.7 kg (125 lb) and adult females 45.4 kg (100 lb), though several male cougars in British Columbia weighed between 86.4 and 95.5 kg (190 and 211 lb). The lineages subsequently diverged in that order. Ungulates accounted for only 35% of prey items in one survey, about half that of North America. , A 2012 study using 18 motion-sensitive cameras in Río Los Cipreses National Reserve counted a population of two males and two females (one of them with at least two cubs) in an area of 600 km2 (0.63 cougars per 100 km2).  Cougars also prey on bear cubs. Large, toothy predators tend to be dangerous as household pets! Unlike several subordinate predators from other ecosystems, cougars do not appear to take advantage of spatial or temporal refuges to avoid their competitors.  Research in New Mexico has shown that "males dispersed significantly farther than females, were more likely to traverse large expanses of non-cougar habitat, and were probably most responsible for nuclear gene flow between habitat patches. These felines are quite large. With their tails, some individuals can be as much as 9 ft. long. Mountain lions are kings of adaptability.  Other names include "panther", "painter" and "catamount". The tracks are believed to have been made by the same mountain lion that was seen in Minnesota, Michigan, upstate New York, and Connecticut, before later being struck by an SUV and killed in Connecticut on a highway that same year.  Due to the expanding human population, cougar ranges increasingly overlap with areas inhabited by humans. Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the most widespread of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. An average bengal tiger can scratch down to tore up the African lion easily, then what is PUMA or Mountain lion which also do not graduate as big cat. In particular, the North American cougar is considered to have been mostly extirpated in eastern North America (the population referred to as the eastern cougar) in the beginning of the 20th century, except for the isolated Florida panther subpopulation. Guy Elhanani's surveillance camera captured the attack.  In 2009, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources confirmed a cougar sighting in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. North America was then repopulated by South American cougars. The cougar is the second-largest cat in the New World after the jaguar. Humans have not domesticated mountain lions in any way. The period shrinks for females raising young, and may be as short as one kill every three days when cubs are nearly mature around 15 months.  Another study on winter kills (November–April) in Alberta showed that ungulates accounted for greater than 99% of the cougar diet. Six days later, and about 56 km (35 mi) to the southeast, a hair sample was found in Carroll County. It is also listed on CITES Appendix II. Info: Human. The mountain lion is a large, tan colored cat species native to North America, Central America and South America. , Depending on the locality, cougars can be smaller or bigger than jaguars, but are less muscular and not as powerfully built so their weight is on average less.  The only unequivocally known eastern population is the critically endangered Florida panther. In Florida, it is threatened by heavy traffic, which causes frequent fatal accidents involving cougars. In April 1997, an experienced tracker named John McCarter found the mauled carcass of a beaver with scat nearby in the Quabbin Reservoir in Massachusetts. Also referred to as cougar, puma, catamount and panther, mountain lions thrive in many habitats. Height: 6 Feet.  Although there were no documented cases as of 2012, the invasive Burmese python, which can reach 20 feet in length, has reduced Everglades populations of mammals and could pose a threat to the endangered Florida panther. By contrast, Penn State University in central Pennsylvania uses the Nittany Lion as its mascot, "Nittany" being the name of a nearby mountain and of the valley in which the University is located, and "lion" being the abbreviated name of a stuffed mountain lion/cougar originally captioned as "Brush Lion" that was on display in a building at the University, and which is today housed in the Penn State All-Sports Museum.  The jaguar tends to take the larger prey where ranges overlap, reducing both the cougar's potential size and the likelihood of direct competition between the two cats. Jaguars also have the most powerful bites in the entire cat family and scores 1200 psi. Mountain Lion is $19.99 plus tax. There have sometimes been incidents of pet cougars mauling people. The animal is believed to have originated from the Black Hills of South Dakota. Male mountain lions are larger and have bigger paws and longer strides than females. Intensive hunting following European colonization of the Americas, and the ongoing human development into cougar habitat, has caused the cougar populations to drop in most parts of its historical range. Despite its size, the cougar is more closely related to smaller felines, including the domestic cat, than to any species of subfamily Pantherinae, of which only the jaguar is extant in the Americas. By contrast, Wildcat Lager Beer brewed by Labatt, has always shown a picture of a cougar on its label. Female mountain lions will usually only reproduce once every two or three years. , The gray wolf and the cougar compete more directly for prey, mostly in winter. It is native to the Americas.  One researcher in Oregon noted: "When there is a pack around, cougars are not comfortable around their kills or raising kittens [...] A lot of times a big cougar will kill a wolf, but the pack phenomenon changes the table.  Nevertheless, there is a measurable effect on the quality of deer populations by puma predation.  but the relationship is unresolved. In North America, they are more concentrated to the western states. Research simulations showed that it faces a low extinction risk in areas, which are larger than 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi). , In North America, mythological descriptions of the cougar have appeared in the stories of the Hocąk language ("Ho-Chunk" or "Winnebago") of Wisconsin and Illinois and the Cheyenne, amongst others. , Home range sizes and overall cougar abundance depend on terrain, vegetation, and prey abundance.  Research has shown cougar abundances from 0.5 animals to as much as 7 (in one study in South America) per 100 km2 (38 sq mi). Litter size is between one and six cubs; typically two.  The Vancouver Island marmot, an endangered species endemic to one region of dense cougar population, has seen decreased numbers due to cougar and gray wolf predation. , Remedial hunting appears to have the paradoxical effect of increased livestock predation and complaints of human-puma conflicts.  Early Spanish explorers of the Americas called it gato montés (meaning "cat of the mountain"), and león (meaning "lion").
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