how are mangroves being protected

Mangroves protect shorelines from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. Protected by the Mai Po Nature Reserve, this mangrove forest and the surrounding mudflats has been designated as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention since 1995. With WWF-Colombia and other organizations, the Colombian government is working to effectively manage and expand the country’s system of protected areas like this one. In Aceh, Indonesia, students join with fishers to plant new mangroves. (ii) Flood Protection Wetlands reduce the effect of floods on coastal areas by acting as a sponge and slowing down flood waters as in the case of coastal marshlands. Section 4. Back in 2004, satellite images of the delta showed a once-lush landscape stripped bare, decimated by years of converting forest to rice paddies and cutting wood for building materials, charcoal, and firewood. Every day, Ayub Dablo emerges from his thatched hut in Tippan village in the Indus River Delta of Pakistan to survey the thick jungle of mangrove trees that stands before his home. WWF has been working with PT. With more than 17,000 islands, Indonesia has the second-longest coastline in the world—behind only Canada. But it’s not all white sand beaches and lush forests; man-made earthen ponds brimming with shrimp also dot Indonesia’s shores, many of them in vast grids that sprawl for millions of acres. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. 26.7 million tons of carbon sequestered through WILDCOAST’s mangrove conservation efforts. MMA since 2006 to achieve this certification. The company’s ASC certification already appears to be good for business. It is part of a Hong Kong success story, albeit a limited one. The use of mangroves for fuelwood and fodder for livestock is one of the many reasons their coverage has shrunk in recent decades. Smithsonian science is laying the groundwork for mangrove conservation by documenting the critical services that mangroves provide and by examining how human activities are affecting the functioning of these ecosystems. We can also protect mangroves by keeping the mangrove forests and surrounding waterways free of pollution and chemicals. And a little over a decade ago, they were nearly lost forever. Mangroves reinforce shorelines and store huge quantities of carbon, so protecting them is an effective climate strategy. As a life support system for marine species, mangroves are a critical component of the marine and coastal environment that contributes significantly to food security. This is just the beginning. To conserve mangroves should involve of the locals. MMA became the first shrimp processor in Indonesia to register its supplier farms (traditional small-scale shrimp farming) and receive the rigorous Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certification. Mangroves look almost alien, with their barnacle-covered roots arching out of the ground to suspend the trees above dense mud and water. In August 2017, PT. MMA’s supply chain fully support their efforts on behalf of environmental sustainability. The amount of protection afforded by mangroves depends upon the width of the forest. Ecuador, have created a program that gives mangrove concessions to the communes or associations who live and/or work in the mangroves … The thickets of mangroves that buttress tidal mudflats also provide a buffer zone that protects the land from wind and wave damage. Date Initiated: 1990. *“Mangrove,” is one of five films from the “Small Axe” anthology by Steve McQueen (“12 Years a Slave”). Nearly half of Indonesia’s mangroves have been cleared in the past three decades, many to make way for shrimp farms. For the past eight years, WWF-Malaysia has been working with the Taritipan Youth Club in Kota Marudu to raise awareness of the importance of mangroves. What is a mangrove? Encompassing more than 2.2 million acres of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrasses, and productive fishing grounds, Tun Mustapha is Malaysia’s largest marine protected area. retain, concentrate and recycle nutrients and remove toxicants through a natural filtering process. Partner with us to preserve our natural and cultural heritage. Back when freshwater was abundant, local farmers grew red rice, bananas, coconuts, and melons to sell in local and international markets. Together, they have rehabilitated nearly 50 acres of mangroves in a reservation park, and more than 16 acres of mangroves around the shrimp farms. MMA), is leading the way toward more improvements. These coastal forests provide vital services to humans and wildlife, but mangroves are threatened throughout the world and disappearing at an alarming rate. The project’s secretary, Harith Suleiman, says that with climate change causing more extreme weather events, not having the protection of the mangroves meant the village was at constant risk of flooding. As spawning and nursery grounds for freshwater, brackish, and marine wildlife, these mangrove forests play a crucial role in sustaining the park’s rich diversity. Endangered Species Associated with Mangroves The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species lists most flora and fauna into seven categories ranging from “Least Concern” to “Extinct”. In 2010, Dablo’s tireless work earned him WWF-Pakistan’s prestigious annual Syed Asad Ali Conservation Award. Royal Bengal Tiger The Global Mangrove Alliance hopes to turn the tide. Mangroves are very important as they provide resources (such as crabs, shrimp, fish and Mangrove roots filter as much as 90% of salt from seawater, enabling them to thrive in conditions where other plants would perish. Outfitted with a rain hat, rubber boots, and gloves, Ana Granja traipses through the mud alongside other women from her community, singing as they scour a mangrove swamp for small, black clams called piangua. He gave the example of coastlines that had “extensive, full" mangroves resulting in inland areas being protected significantly from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Smithsonian is a global organization actively involved in research and conservation. Tweet This Smithsonian Is Working to Protect Endangered Mangroves Around the World. Despite the benefits worth an estimated US$33-57,000 per hectare, mangroves are being degraded, lost, or poorly restored at an alarming rate (UNEP, 2014). It is one of approximately 50 associations that have signed agreements with the Ecuadorian government to protect the mangroves. Preserving mangroves may be one in a portfolio of strategies to help corals survive the effects of climate change. They maintain water quality and clarity, filtering pollutants and trapping sediments originating from land. Foreign buyers and other key players throughout PT. For more than two decades, Smithsonian Scientists have studying the effects of human development, industry, climate change, and aquaculture on these tropical coastal ecosystems. Today, river water is overused and diverted upstream, reducing sediment and causing the delta to sink—and allowing the salty sea to progress inland and swallow up areas that once yielded plentiful crops. For $10/month, get World Wildlife in print, 1250 24th Street, N.W. A moment later, he’s back on his feet with a red mud crab in his hand, its 10 spindly legs kicking in protest. Mangrove forests protect uplands from storm winds, waves and floods. But mangroves are at risk of vanishing forever. His father flew to Lahore to accept the award on his behalf—the first Tippan villager ever to travel by plane—and returned home beaming proudly and eager to share tales of the big city. In places like this stretch of Ecuadorian coast near the city of Guayaquil, losing the mangroves would portend the loss of the mud crabs—the primary source of income for some local fishing communities—and have a severe impact on surrounding ecosystems as well. This shift in occupations is an inspiring example of climate adaptation, but the long-term success of Razeny and his neighbors depends on the survival of the mangroves. Mangroves and the wider blue economy. Razafindrajery (or “Razeny,” as he’s affectionately called by his neighbors) still takes his boat out every morning to try his luck, but afterward he treks into the mangrove forests to work a second job: beekeeping. Places where mangroves have been cut down for shrimp farms are far more vulnerable to destructive cyclones and tidal waves. And while mangroves cover only 0.1% of Earth’s land surface, they are one of our most powerful tools in the fight against climate change, storing more carbon per hectare than any other type of forest. careful not to accidentally break or trample mangroves when we enter mangrove forests, or catch resources such as crabs, shrimps or fish. He plucks a cord from his belt to deftly bind the crab, and then he’s off again—a member of the local mud crab association, prowling the mangroves for his quarry. Given their natural ecological roles and their various human beneficial products, mangroves are a powerhouse resource that needs to be protected and managed. By acting now to save these vulnerable habitats, we can build a future where both mangroves and mankind thrive. Recognizing the multiple values of mangroves • Mangroves are among the most valuable ecosystems in the world. In 2017, two new coastal conservation areas were created in the Colombian Pacific. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Mangroves are essential to maintaining water quality. Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. Mangrove cover here has decreased significantly as a result of pollution, wood harvesting for fuel and camel fodder, and a lack of freshwater feeding into the delta. 1. Mangrove forests are important because they: protect coastlines against erosive wave action and strong coastal winds, and serve as natural barriers against tsunamis and torrential storms. That’s why WWF recently joined with Conservation International, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, The Nature Conservancy, and Wetlands International to establish the Global Mangrove Alliance. These water diversions alter the natural flow of water that maintains the health of surrounding mangroves as well as ecosystems farther inland and offshore. Mangrove forests are considered hardy plants given their ability to survive in high saline waters and low-oxygen soils. With their dense network of roots and … Mangroves protect coral reefs from sedimentation, sequester massive amounts of carbon to combat climate change, adapt to rising sea levels, serve as nurseries in a vital food source for marine life while providing critical habitat for endangered species. Last year, the Pakistan Navy launched an effort to plant a million more. Like Ana Granja and her sister clam diggers in Sanquianga, the residents of these newly created districts continue to benefit from the mangroves, wetlands, and coastlines that have sustained their people for generations. Washington, DC 20037. • Mangroves, and their coastal risk reduction function, can recover in most places where appropriate ecological and social conditions are present or restored. WWF has helped create better management practices for small-scale shrimp farms in Indonesia. Smithsonian science is laying the groundwork for mangrove conservation by documenting the critical services that mangroves provide and by examining how human activities are affecting the functioning of these ecosystems. Then, a national integrated management district called Cabo Manglares, Bajo Mira y Frontera was created, ensuring the conservation of roughly 470,000 acres of coastal wetlands (including deep water ecosystems and more than 16,000 acres of mangroves) and the connectivity of coastal ecosystems between Colombia and neighboring Ecuador. The loss of farmland and the threat of coastal flooding make it more important than ever to restore the mangrove ecosystem, which provides a natural barrier against the sea and rich biodiversity that directly sustains the livelihoods of 200,000 people. Office of International Relations 1100 Jefferson Dr. SWWashington, DC 20013, 35% of mangroves have disappeared since the mid-1980s, 30+ sites worldwide where Smithsonian monitors mangrove ecosystems, Working with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival (SSC) Mangrove Specialist Group, Smithsonian is sharing mangrove knowledge and developing conservation plans, Key findings show that changes in nutrient availability in coastal ecosystems can change the biodiversity of plants living there, which can diminish the ability of the ecosystem to store carbon and provide other critical services, By comparing data from more than 22 sites around the world, researchers are able to provide powerful hypotheses about how climate change is affecting mangroves and suggest ways to mitigate these effects and protect mangrove ecosystems, Subscribe to Smithsonian Global on YouTube. Mangroves also provide invaluable green economy services for humans. 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